Geodiversity Research and Geo-Educationat Ciletuh Geopark West Java *)
M. Fatima1, I. Syafri, E. Yuningsih, A. Hardiyono
1FakultasTeknikGeologi, University of Padjadjaran
Keywords: Ciletuh Geopark, geoheritage, geo-education, geological research, megaamphitheatre
Ciletuh Geopark has the landscape of a horse-shoe shaped plateau (amphitheatre) which isopen toward the Bay Ciletuh. The amphitheatre has a dimension of almost 15 x 9 Km2, itsbelieved to be the largest natural amphitheater form in Indonesia. In the middle of theamphitheatre there is a distribution of the oldest formation in western Java in the form ofmélange and ophiolite complex which are a result of subduction activities between oceaniccrust and continental crust in the Cretaceous age, and believed as the oldest rocks formationin West Java. The occurrence of this type of rock out cropping at the surface is very rare andvery important in understading the geological process. Despite this resource, in the past onlyvery limited intensive geological research has been conducted within the region, due to thelimited accessibility.
However, since 2013, detailed geological study has been conducted with the involvement ofundergraduate and post graduate students to provide geological information on thegeoheritage sites. The data is used as the basis for the delineation and designation as an areaof geopark. Recent integrated geological research is focusing on the theme of: petrogenesisophiolite complex; formation mechanism of amphitheatre; model reconstruction of melangeformation; paleo tsunami; geological hazard; hydrogeology; and formation environment ofCiletuh Formation type locality; as well as age determination of various rocks formation. Theresult is used as material for education purposes for university student, high, middle andelementary school as well as for tourist guide, local community and common public andvisitor. Geological information is also used for leaflets, brochures, information panels, booksas well as video or animation of geological process within the geoparks.
*) Dipresentasikan di The 7th International Conference on UNESCO Global Geopark at The English Riviera UNESCO Global Geopark, September 2016