UNESCO Global Geoparks are single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development.
UNESCO’s work with Geoparks began in 2001. Then in 2004, 17 European and 8 Chinese geoparks came together at UNESCO headquarters in Paris to form the GGN where national geological heritage initiatives contribute to and benefit from their membership of a global network of exchange and cooperation.
On 17 November 2015, the 195 Member States of UNESCO ratified the creation of a new label, the UNESCO Global Geoparks, during the 38th General Conference of the Organisation.
This expresses governmental recognition of the importance of managing outstanding geological sites and landscapes in a holistic manner. UNESCO supports the efforts of member states to establish a Global Geopark in the world, within the framework of cooperation with the Global Geopark Network. Currently there are 120 members of the UNESCO Global Geopark in the 33 countries, two of which are found in Indonesia, namely the UNESCO Global Geopark Batur and Gunung Sewu.