Sustainable Geopark Development: Case of Ciletuh Geopark West Java *)
Y. Yanuar1, M. Rosana2, Z. Anna3
1Program PascasarjanaFakultasGeologi, Universitas Padjadjaran, 2FakultasGeologi, Universitas Padjadjaran,3FakultasIlmuPerikanandanKelautan, Universitas Padjadjaran
Keywords: Ciletuh Geopark, sustainable development, geological resourses, touristdestination, economic valuation
West Java has a tremendous geological potential resource, in the form of a very beautifullandscape in the Ciletuh region, Sukabumi Regency, West Java Province. The aspiringCiletuh Geopark, has several geological heritage outcrops that resulted from subductionbetween Eurasian continental plate and Indo-Australian oceanic plate during pre-Tertiary agewhich are believed to be the oldest rocks exposed on the surface of Western Java. TheCiletuh region was declared as a National Geopark that not only can provide economicbenefits for regional development, but also can provide protection for the sustainability ofgeological resources and natural resources and the environment, of the region. In particular,the development of Ciletuh Geopark has several goals, which among others are to protectgeodiversity, biodiversity and cultural diversity, to promote geological heritage andencourage sustainable economic development of the regionin line with the increase ofcommunity’s welfare. This paper descriptively describes on how the development of CiletuhGeopark, is encouraged to be the prime mover of regional development in theSouthern part ofWest Java, where the development is much slower than the Northern part of West Java.Furthermore, this paper outlines the multi-dimensional site planning used in the area.Focusing not only on the development of geological heritage in the field it also developsvarious other aspects such as biodiversity and culture diversity (including sites of ecological,archaeological, historical and cultural heritage) through conservation principles, and regionalspatial planning. These aspects are the basis for the development of Ciletuh Geopark, towardsa world-class tourist destination. Last but not least, the paper also describes the use ofeconomic valuation methods, such as travel cost and contingent valuation, to measure thevalue of the site.
*) Presented in The 7th International Conference on UNESCO Global Geopark at The English Riviera UNESCO Global Geopark, September 2016