Kasepuhan traditional village of Ciptagelar located in Cisolok Sub-district, Palabuhanratu, Sukabumi. It’s a traditional village that has a characteristic in the location and shape of the house and the tradition is still held fast by the community. People who living in Kampung Ciptagelar called kasepuhan society. Kasepuhan term comes from the old word with the prefix / ka / and endings / a In Sundanese, elderly means that (sepuh) or older in the Indonesian language. Based on this understanding, came the term kasepuhan, which is residence of the elders. Kasepuhan designation also shows the system model or leadership of a community or society that based on customs parents (old or stodgy).
Kasepuhan traditional village of Ciptagelar is a new name from Ciptarasa Village. In 2001, around July, Ciptarasa village moving from Sirnaresmi Village to tens of kilometers to do the “migrated wangsit”. In this village, precisely in Kampung Sukamulya, Abah Anom or Abah Encup Sucipta as the top leaders of the traditional village gave the name Ciptagelar as a new emigration. Ciptagelar which is now led by the son of Abah Ugi, Son of Abah, means “open or resignation”. The Migrated of Ciptarasa village to Kampung Ciptagelar because “command ancestor” called wangsit. This Wangsit earned or received by Abah Anom after going through the ritual process which is the can’t be undone. Because of that the displacement of Ciptagelar residents is a form of loyalty and obedience to their ancestors. The community residents in the village actually is not limited to proficiency level, but living in a spread around the area of Banten, Bogor, and South of Sukabumi. However, as a reference, the “central government” is Kampung Gede, occupied by Sesepuh Girang (traditional leader), Baris Olot (aides Elders Girang) and people who want to stay Kasepuhan Ciptagelar compatriot with customary leaders. This Village as a central goverment because the existence is still surrounded by tradition or custom rules heritage. The distance from the village of Kampung Ciptagelar Sirnaresmi 14 Km, 27 Km from the subdistrict capital, from the central government of Sukabumi regency from Bandung 103 Km, and from Bandung 203 Km to the west.
The event was attended by various groups was held on 27-28 August 2016 are very crowded. Guests who come to this event are from various regions, seen from the bustle of the imah gede, the house used to accommodate guests who come to Kasepuhan traditional village of Ciptagelar. The event was also attended by the Regent of Purwakarta, H. Dedi Mulyadi, S.H the Dangiang Ki Sunda. He is attached to the Sundanese culture is seen using a headband Sundanese lifting bonding rice carried around the village before input (didiukeun) into leuit.
Kasepuhan traditional village of Ciptagelar is part of the National Geopark Ciletuh-Palabuhanratu (GNCP) located in Geoarea Simpenan that enormous of Sundanese culture diversity. The entry of geoarea Simpenan where Ciptagelar is to become a powerful factor GNCP region, would draw the UGG recognition from UNESCO being worked could be reached in 2017. We need to recall that the geopark should be able to glorify nature and the welfare of its people, with the entry of the village of kasepuhan Ciptagelar hope to improve welfare of the residents of Kampung Ciptagelar and surrounding areas.
Seren Taun itself means seserahan or surrender, taun means the epidemic. Seren Taun ceremony interpreted citizens as alms (tatali) in harvest over the past year and seek blessings to God that next year’s harvest has increased. As an agrarian society, indigenous peoples’ lives depend on rice cultivation. As their hereditary, they grow rice using dry land or huma system and wetland or paddy. Within a year the residents to plant rice only once, after the harvest the land to be rested. They believe the natural need to balance, by resting it will return land to fertile. As a reverence to paddy which is main source of their life, indigenous peoples of kasepuhan Ciptagelar perform the rituals from the rice is planted until rice is harvested. All the harvest utilized for the needs community of kasepuhan, nothing is sold. Although only grow rice once a year, thank God the people are never short of rice. The residents also refused to throw rice. It will make a physical pain when throwing rice, “said Upar Suparman, residents Kasepuhan Ciptagelar.
As a final ceremony of the Seren taun procession is the Ngadiukeun, or enter bonding paddy to Leuit Si Jimat by Indigenous Leaders of Kasepuhan Ciptagelar which is Abah Ugi Sugriana Rakasiwi. Song of praise to Nyi Pohaci Sanghyang Asri and sound accompaniment of sacred harp adds to the atmosphere in the court Leuit Si Jimat. After the first rice pocong put Leuit Si Jimat, residents following paddy entering into leuit ancestor or communal barns belonging Kasepuhan. Initially Leuit Si Jimat used for backup in case for the community if the lean season comes. But this time the people never take from Leuit Si Jimat, because in every village in the communal granary Kasepuhan there are hundreds paddy and can be used by residents”, said Public Relations Kasepuhan, Yoyo yogasmana.
Kasepuhan traditional village of Ciptagelar is a society that uphold the customs. Every social activities in society always begins with a ceremony by their so-called Amit prayer. Amit Prayer is meant to invoke the protection of the ancestor, the gods, and the Almighty to avoid the various disasters. At the moment both will begin planting rice in the rice fields and in the field, along with his aides sesepuh olot (the elders) visit to the tomb of his ancestors who were in the area of South Sukabumi, Bogor and South Banten. In front of the tomb, the elder delight forbid prayer. In the evening, performed the selamatan ceremony at home of sesepuh olot, attended by traditional leaders and all the village elders.
Ceremonies related to other farming activities are: open field a ceremony, ceremony, ngaseuk/mipit ceremonies (ceremonial introduction prior to the first harvest), the nganyaran ceremony (eat rice for the first time from harvest), and the ngahudangkeun ceremony (putting rice that has been incorporated into leuit before they were used by the owner of leuit). Their belief that can’ be ignored is a tribute to Dewi Sri believed as the “Goddess of Rice”. For example a view to Dewi Sri they called Nyi Pohaci Sang Hyang Sri Ratna Purnama Alam inten Sajati; Dewi Sri only reside on rice once in a year, resulting that rice planting should be done once a year.
According to them, various violations of the rice and ordinances in maintenance, will lead to the failure of the harvest (not as expected). It is therefore easy to understand when each agricultural cycle can not be separated from the various ceremonies, for example: sasarap ceremony, ngabersihan, ngaseuk, stocking, mipit, ngadiukeun, nganyaran, ponggokan, and Seren Taun. Leuit for residents Kasepuhan Ciptagelar not just mean grain storage warehouse, it is related to their trust symbol and respect to them at Dewi Sri (goddess ruler and guardian of rice). That trust has been internalized in their lives, so that based on their beliefs when rice is not stored in leuit then they can kabendon (wretched).
The manifestation from these beliefs above are their habits, rules or taboos / taboos associated with leuit, for example: taboo to sell rice and grind rice with heuleur (threshing machine). Communities were allowed to sell paddy rice sold on the condition that is rice harvest last year which has dirasulkeun (permitted) customary by baris olot (the elders). In this case the community of kasepuhan only sell surplus rice harvest last year.
By: Ilham Mochammad Saputra